What are the implications of the circular economy for waste substances legislation and products and substances legislation, as well as both areas of law combined? What will the impact be on competition law, for the Eco-Design Directive and the Environment and Planning Act [Omgevingswet]? Taxation and ownership issues also play an important role, as do adequate revenue models. How can the law facilitate the path to a circular economy and what legal obstacles need to be overcome? These are questions that are central to this area of our expertise.